water softeners and filtration, water filtration systems,

Water Softeners and Filtration

All About Water Softeners and Water Filtration Systems

It’s a common mistake for people to interchange the terms “water softener” and “water filtration system”. After all, the end goal of both of these systems is to deliver a better a quality of water.  However, there is a huge difference between the two, but what is it?  And where might each be best suited?


Let’s start first with water softeners.  As the name suggests, water softeners are meant to make hard water, well, soft.  But what is hard water anyway? Hard water is water with high mineral content, and it is formed when water trickles through deposits of limestone and chalk which are largely made up of calcium and magnesium carbonates.

Hard water is more common in inner city areas or warmer places with low rainfall and a high mineral content in the soil (like most of Southern California), and it contains two main elements: Magnesium and Calcium.


These minerals are usually what causes the build-up of what’s known as lime-scale on all your surfaces, as well as the pipes in and out of your home. Eventually this buildup can cause appliance and plumbing problems.

Although consuming hard water does not pose any health hazards, dealing with it in your household can be a nuisance because it can interfere with your everyday chores and even personal grooming.

water softener installation


Water stains and mineral deposits are usually the main causes of complaints regarding hard water, but the problems brought on by hard water can be much more than that.  When your home runs on hard water, it’s going to affect your home negatively, including the floors and surfaces that come into contact with water, the efficiency of your appliances, and your water pipe systems.

In addition, hard water can leave layers of film and water stains on your dishes, drinking glasses, showers, sinks, and surrounding surfaces within the kitchen and bathrooms.

Furthermore, the elements present in hard water can cause build-up, thus resulting in plumbing inefficiency via clogs and blockages.  Ultimately, the biggest loser due to this poor efficiency will be your wallet, because you’ll end up paying a plumber to replace parts and pipes and might even have to pay a water bill premium due to excess use.

Now, let’s not forget about hygiene. The amount of minerals present in water can also influence how much soap you use.  Hard water will prevent soap from properly lathering on your skin.  This combination of soap and hard water can also cause a soap scum to be generated. 


Eventually, it can cling to the skin and may actually hinder cleansing, or it may even cause dryness and irritation.  And when it comes to your hair, it can seem dull and frizzy.

Given all these reasons, water softening systems will increase the longevity of your clothes, plumbing, and it also lessens the stresses that hard water brings to your life


At this point, we now know that the negative effects of hard water can be avoided altogether with the installation of a water softening system.  But how do water softeners really work?

Water softeners treats hard water via the process of ion-exchange to remove calcium and magnesium.  This process involves collecting and removing the aforementioned minerals and replacing them with sodium ions, eventually converting the hard water into soft water.

To make this work, the water softener is plumbed into your home’s water supply system, so that the hard water can travel through your softener system before flowing to all of the faucets and fixtures in your home.


Water softeners are packed with resin beads, so every now and then, these resin beads need to be rinsed and regenerated. There are other special devices that can be used to do this job, but adding water softener salt to the brine tank of the unit can suffice.

And upon recharging, the water softener will be back to its usual duties; which is to provide your home with clean and soft water that’s ready for consumption.

For homes with hard water, a water softener is something you should seriously look into.  If you already have a water softener in your home, you need to be sure it is serviced regularly to keep it in tip top efficient working order.


under sink water filtration system

Water filtration systems are far different from water softeners.  While water softeners remove minerals that don’t really pose health hazards, water filters are technologies that are used to remove contaminants in your water.

It may not seem obvious, but there may be a whole host of contaminants lingering around in that glass you’ve just poured from your faucet.  Even if it’s crystal clear, the water may not be clean nor safe to drink.

Thankfully in the United States, clean drinking water is the norm.  


But we cannot always assume that water is safe to drink anywhere because it really does depend on where you live.  For safety purposes, a water filtration system can do much good in ensuring the water you drink is free from unwanted contaminants.


If your primary source of water is produced from a well, a more robust filtration system may be necessary. These resources are more often than not exposed to many everyday elements such as paint thinners, pesticides, gasoline, smoke, and many other gas and chemicals that can be harmful to your body.


As mentioned before, a water filtration system is designed to remove contaminants or impurities from water.  Objects such as dirt, metals, pesticides, and sediment can find their way into your water supply system without you knowing it.

Water filters are necessary not only because they can remove that funky taste and odor from your water supply, but they can also prevent  potential health hazards that contaminated water can bring.

water filter illustration, water filtration mechanism


Multiple types of filters exist in the market, but regardless of the type you choose, they all work the same way and serve the same purpose; which is to provide you a clean water supply.

There are actually two stages of water filtration: mechanical and chemical. The former involves trapping or collecting any particles that may contaminate your tap water, whilst the latter is the process wherein the overall quality of the water will be improved.

Mechanical filtration provides a physical barrier that collects larger and more obvious debris and particles from your water supply.  On the other hand, chemical filtration utilizes simple chemical reactions on water passing through a carbon block to remove smaller contaminant that mechanical filters cannot.   Click here for more information on water filtration


So Cal Services has a highly trained and skilled staff of experienced technicians to service all of your plumbing and HVAC needs.  If you’re looking for the highest quality water softening and filtration systems, you can count on us.

Our technicians are always in-the-know on the latest technologies and trends in the industry, so calling us will guarantee you clean and soft drinking water for the whole household.  We will explain the various options and the pros and cons of each, so you can make he best choice for our needs and budget.

So, whether it’s a water softening or filtration system or some other plumbing need, large or small, give us a call today.  We are always happy to answer any questions you may have. 951-926-1978

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